What to Know About Ukraine’s Zaporizhzhya Nuclear Power Plant Seized by Russia

The director of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is “extremely concerned” by Russia’s takeover of the Zaporizhzhya nuclear energy plant, as a result of severing of communications and the violation of the primary components of nuclear security and safety.

Rafael Mariano Grossi highlighted the truth that employees on the largest nuclear energy plant in Europe at the moment are below the management of the commander of the Russian forces that took management of the positioning final week.

Ukraine reviews that any motion of plant administration—together with measures associated to the technical operation of the six reactor items—requires prior approval of the commander.

In an announcement from the IAEA, Grossi stated: “I’m extremely concerned about these developments that were reported to me today. Just a few days after I presented the seven main elements of nuclear safety and security to the IAEA Board, several of them are already being compromised.

“In order to have the ability to function the plant safely and securely, administration and employees have to be allowed to hold out their very important duties in secure circumstances with out undue exterior interference or stress.”

This is a reference to the seven indispensable pillars of nuclear safety and security, with pillar three stated to be: “The working employees should be capable to fulfill their security and safety duties and have the capability to make choices freed from undue stress.”

Ukraine has reported that the Russian forces at the site have switched off some mobile networks and the internet so that reliable information from the site cannot be obtained through the normal channels of communication.

This was confirmed by Ukraine’s nuclear regulator on Sunday when they informed the IAEA that it had started having major problems in communicating with staff operating the Zaporizhzhya. It added that the phone lines, as well as emails and fax, were not functioning anymore, but mobile phone communication was still possible, but with poor quality.

The IAEA added that this violates the seventh pillar of nuclear safety and security: “There have to be dependable communications with the regulator and others.”

What Is the Zaporizhzhya Nuclear Power Plant?

With a gross power production capacity of 6,000 megawatts, Zaporizhzhya is the largest nuclear power plant in Europe, and the fifth-largest nuclear power plant in the world, according to Power Technology.

Zaporizhzhya, located in Enerhodar, Ukraine, is comprised of six pressurized water reactors which use heat to create steam that drives turbines generating electricity. The plant, which has been operational since 1984, now accounts for 40 percent of the total electricity generated by Ukrainian nuclear power plants and one-fifth of the total amount of electricity generated in the country.

The first five units of Zaporizhzhya were commissioned between 1984 and 1989, with 1988 the only year in this period that didn’t see a reactor commissioned at the plant.

As a results of the Chernobyl catastrophe in 1989, the next yr the Supreme Council of Ukraine ordered a moratorium on the development of latest nuclear energy items in Ukraine, ensuing within the suspension of building work on Unit 6 of the power.

However, by 1995 Power Technology reviews that extreme winters and rising demand for electrical energy led to the moratorium being lifted and the development of Unit 6 persevering with.

Unit 6 was grid-connected in 1995 and have become the primary nuclear reactor unit in an impartial Ukraine.

Addressing the present state of affairs at Zaporizhzhya, Grossi confused the significance of working employees with the ability to relaxation to hold out their jobs safely and securely.

Grossi added as soon as once more that he’s ready to journey to Ukraine to safe the dedication to the protection and safety of all Ukraine’s nuclear energy crops from the events of the battle within the nation.

Zaporizhzhya Nuclear Power Plant
An picture of the Zaporizhzhya nuclear energy plant. Russia took over the biggest nuclear plant in Europe final week resulting in developments which have the director common of the IAEA “extremely concerned.”

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