The Five Worst Hurricanes of 2022 So Far, Ranked

In 2022, there have been 15 climate and local weather catastrophe occasions every with losses exceeding $1 billion within the U.S., together with 10 extreme storm occasions and two tropical cyclone occasions, based on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Overall, these occasions resulted within the deaths of 342 individuals within the U.S. alone.

But what have been the worst hurricanes of the yr to date?

The 5 most damaging storms of 2022 are Hurricanes Ian, Fiona, Nicole, Julia and Bonnie.

five most damaging hurricanes 2022
This composite picture exhibits pictures of Hurricanes Ian, prime left; Fiona, prime proper; Nicole, backside left; Julia, backside heart; and Bonnie, backside proper. The storms prompted billions of {dollars} of harm and claimed a whole lot of lives.
NASA Earth Observatory / Lauren Dauphin Ian, Fiona, Nicole) / NASA Worldview (Julia, Bonnie

Hurricane Ian

“The most damaging storm in 2022 so far is Hurricane Ian, that mainly impacted the U.S. and Cuba. Losses are estimated to have exceeded $20 billion and could be as high as $100 billion,” Abdollah Shafieezadeh, a civil, environmental and geodetic engineer at Ohio State University, informed Newsweek.

Ian was a Category 4 hurricane that hit Florida on September 28, with wind speeds reaching as much as 155 mph. It led to 157 fatalities, 146 of which had been in Florida, 5 in North Carolina, one in Virginia, and 5 in Cuba. The ensuing storm surge reached round 10–15 ft, inflicting the vast majority of the injury to property.

hurricane ian damage
A destroyed automobile is seen amongst particles in Sanibel, Florida, after Hurricane Ian handed by way of the realm on October 8.
Joe Raedle/Getty Images

Hurricane Fiona

Hurricane Fiona made landfall within the Caribbean, first ravaging Guadeloupe and Puerto Rico earlier than skipping previous the U.S. east coast and hitting Canada. By the time it made landfall in Nova Scotia on September 24, it was a Category 4 hurricane. Insured losses from Fiona in Canada alone are considered round $500 million, with injury throughout Puerto Rico and, Guadeloupe exceeding $2 billion. As a results of the storm 31 individuals died.

A peak wind gust of 111 mph was recorded in Nova Scotia, and waves off the Canadian coast had been measured as reaching a most top of 98 ft and 40 to 50 ft on common.

Hurricane Nicole

Hurricane Nicole, which was a Category 1 hurricane when it hit the Florida coast on November 9, has prompted a whole lot of tens of millions of {dollars} value of harm.

According to Flagler County’s Property Appraiser’s Office, over 200 properties had been flooded by the storm, lots of which suffered main injury, totalling $23.7 million. Additionally, the Volusia County Property Appraiser stated that 416 properties within the county had been broken, 19 of which had been fully destroyed, amounting to $481 million value of harm, based on FOX35 Orlando.

Multiple different counties had been hit by the hurricane, which means that the whole quantity of harm is prone to be increased.

Five individuals within the U.S. and 6 within the Dominican Republic are thought to have died on account of Hurricane Nicole.

Wind gusts of as much as 100 mph had been recorded, together with at launchpad 39B on the Kennedy Space Center forward of launch of the Artemis 1 moon rocket. Sharks could have even been seen swimming down a freeway in floodwater attributable to the hurricane.

hurricane nicole damage
An aerial view exhibits destroyed beachfront properties within the aftermath of Hurricane Nicole at Daytona Beach, Florida, on November 11.
RICARDO ARDUENGO/AFP by way of Getty Images

Hurricane Julia

Hurricane Julia, a Category 1 hurricane that hit Central America, the Caribbean and components of South America in early October, is believed to have killed 91 individuals and prompted $406 million of harm.

Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela, the ABC islands (Aruba, Bonaire, and Curaçao), Colombia, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, Panama and Mexico had been affected, with the heavy rains inflicting landslides and flash flooding.

In Las Tejerías, Venezuela, 50 individuals died and an extra 50 had been lacking after landslides attributable to the torrential rains devastated the city.

Hurricane Bonnie

Hurricane Bonnie was a Category 1 hurricane that crossed from the Atlantic to the Pacific by way of the Caribbean and Central America on July 2, inflicting an estimated $25 million value of harm and killing 5 individuals. The worst-affected areas included Trinidad and Tobago and Mexico.

In Grande Riviere, Trinidad and Tobago, flooding from the storm resulted in 1000’s of eggs being washed away from the nesting websites of weak leatherback turtles.

The Hurricane Season

“The Atlantic season got off to a very slow start but had a lot of activity later in the season, ending up near the above-average forecast for the season but not as exceptionally active as some recent years,” Mathew Barlow, a professor of local weather science on the University of Massachusetts Lowell, informed Newsweek.

The Atlantic hurricane season runs from round June 1 to November 30.

“The season is not yet over, which means 2 things: 1) there might yet be additional damaging storms (see Hurricane Nicole right now!) and 2) it takes time for the full economic and noneconomic losses for big storms to become apparent,” Daniel B. Wright, a civil and environmental engineer on the University of Wisconsin-Madison’s Hydroclimate Extremes Research Group, informed Newsweek in written feedback.

“So it is conceivable that Hurricane Ian could break into the top 3-5 costliest U.S. hurricanes ever, though it seems doubtful that it could unseat Katrina and Harvey from their 1 and 2 seats,” he stated.

hurricane nicole satellite
A satellite tv for pc picture exhibits Hurricane Nicole approaching Florida on November 8. Nicole is certainly one of 2022’s 5 most damaging storms.
NASA Earth Observatory / Lauren Dauphin / VIIRS information from NASA EOSDIS LANCE, GIBS/Worldview, and the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership

The Future of Hurricanes

It is believed that hurricanes will get extra intense and extra frequent sooner or later due to local weather change.

“The science on how hurricanes will change in the future is fairly complex and not entirely settled, but a few things are generally accepted: 1) there might not be more hurricanes overall, but those that do form will tend to be more intense both in terms of the strength of their winds and the amount of rainfall that they produce; 2) because of this intensification and also due to some potential changes in the directions that storms tend to move, it is probable that there will be more Category 4 and 5 storms hitting the U.S.,” Wright stated.

“A recent study by collaborators of mine at NOAA’s Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Lab recently estimated that the number of Category 4 and 5 storms might be four times the current average by the end of the century,” he stated.

“The increases in rainfall that come from a warmer atmosphere will also be really important,” Wright stated. “Rain from hurricanes and the freshwater flooding that it causes isn’t necessarily the first thing many people think of related to hurricanes, but it was the main story for Hurricane Harvey (the second-most damaging storm in US history) and has historically been a bigger killer than hurricane winds and waves.”

Hurricane fiona flooding
This aerial image was taken on September 20 in Utuado, Puerto Rico, following the passage of Hurricane Fiona. The storm made landfall within the Caribbean, first ravaging Guadeloupe and Puerto Rico earlier than skipping previous the U.S. East Coast and hitting Canada.
AFP by way of Getty Images

There is excessive confidence each that the higher restrict on storm energy will improve and that the proportion of hurricanes that attain Category 4 and 5 will improve, Barlow stated. However, there may be extra uncertainty as as to whether the general variety of Category 4 and 5 storms will improve.

“At this point, we’re not sure whether Category 5 hurricanes will become more common or not but we definitely know that, regardless of whether the overall number ticks up or down, we absolutely need to be prepared for stronger storms with more rain and higher surges, that may develop very rapidly,” he stated.

More intense storms usually lead to extra injury, nevertheless, the connection will not be linear essentially, based on Shafieezadeh.

“Another point to consider here is that losses do not increase linearly with storm intensity, size and duration,” he stated. “Large storms have the potential to cause significant failures that cascade from one system and sector to others causing prolonged disruptions and incur substantial losses.”

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Correction 11/21/22: This article was up to date to make clear a press release from Abdollah Shafieezadeh.

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