About one in 5 Latinos who participated in a current Pew Research Center ballot mentioned that they had been referred to as “offensive names” inside the final 12 months.
The Washington, D.C.-based nonpartisan assume tank on Monday launched the outcomes of its survey, which was performed final March amongst 3,375 Hispanic adults within the U.S. In addition to the 20 p.c of Latino respondents who mentioned they skilled “offensive” name-calling within the 12 months previous the survey, 23 p.c who converse Spanish reported being “criticized for speaking Spanish in public,” the survey discovered.
Some of the discrimination comes from different Latinos, researchers discovered. The survey’s respondents “say they are as likely to experience discrimination or unfair treatment from non-Latinos as from fellow Latinos, regardless of skin color or their country of birth.” About one in 4 respondents advised researchers they “have personally experienced discrimination or unfair treatment” from different Latino people. Reports of “racially insensitive comments or jokes about other Latinos” extra generally got here from Latinos between the ages of 18 and 29 than from Latinos who had been 50 or older.
The U.S. Hispanic and Latino inhabitants has been rising during the last a number of a long time. As of 2020, there have been an estimated 62.1 million Hispanic or Latino people dwelling inside the U.S., in response to current U.S. Census Bureau information. The quantity represents a 23 p.c enhance over the totals recorded 10 years earlier, when the Hispanic and Latino inhabitants was estimated to be about 50.5 million.
The nation’s thousands and thousands of Hispanic and Latino people “are diverse in many ways,” the Pew research mentioned. Though the sorts of discrimination every particular person experiences are totally different, 48 p.c of respondents mentioned “discrimination based on race or skin color is a very big problem in the U.S.”
An earlier Pew survey launched final fall discovered about 54 p.c of U.S. Latinos mentioned they confronted discrimination in the course of the first 12 months of the coronavirus pandemic.
For the newest survey, about one in 4 Latinos with lighter pores and skin advised researchers they’ve confronted discrimination from different Latinos, however the proportion was larger—about two in 5—for Latinos with darker pores and skin. Reports of discrimination from different Latinos had been additionally extra widespread amongst Latinos born outdoors the U.S. Even so, “Hispanics are just as likely to say they personally experienced discrimination or unfair treatment from someone who is not Hispanic,” the survey discovered.
But discrimination additionally stays an issue in different nations for Latinos, the survey reported. About 40 p.c of Latinos within the U.S. who had been both born in a foreign country or in Puerto Rico advised researchers racial discrimination was “about the same” within the U.S. as within the place they had been born. Meanwhile, about 17 p.c of respondents mentioned racial discrimination was comparatively worse within the U.S.